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Dermatology Information and Resources

Candida

Candida is a type of yeast that is present in the body in small amounts (normally harmless) but can become overgrown causing an infection called candidasis. Candidasis may cause complications such as weight gain, brain fog, yeast infections and thrush.[1] More serious complications can develop if candida fungi contaminate the bloodstream and travels to the organs.

Common Symptoms: An overgrowth of yeast in the body can create a range of symptoms such as oral thrush, where white bumpy patches are present on the tongue, gums, inner cheeks or throat. Recurring yeast and/or urinary tract infections, as well as recurring fungal infections on the scalp, skin, feet, and nails. digestive issues like chronic constipation, a weakened immune system and Crohn’s disease.[2] Chronic inflammation, joint pain, and genital pain and burning can also be a symptom of candida overgrowth.

Causes: Candida is becoming a more common problem due to the prevalence of high sugar diets, refined foods, and the obesity epidemic. Another common cause is antibiotic use which reduces the amount of good bacteria in the gut, resulting in an imbalance that feeds the overgrowth of yeast.[3] Other common causes are hormonal imbalances (particularly in women), sexually transmitted diseases, pregnancy, a weakened immune system, and diabetes.

Treatment: Treatment interventions for candida include antifungal medication echinocandin as well as Fluconazole, and amphotericin B.[4] If it is possible, avoiding antibiotics or corticosteroids can help to control candida overgrowth. Additionally, many candida cleanse products are available and other antifungal medications can be.used to treat invasive candidiasis.

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References

[1] https://www.health.harvard.edu/a_to_z/candidiasis-a-to-z
[2] https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/candida-symptoms-treatment#section6
[3] https://www.cdc.gov/fungal/diseases/candidiasis/index.html
[4] https://rarediseases.org/rare-diseases/candidiasis/