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Chronic Care Information and Resources

Hormones

Hormones are chemical substances produced in various glands and are secreted throughout the body. Hormones aid in the growth, development, and regulation of organs, systems, and cells. Hormones and neurotransmitters are an essential component for sustaining life as they are involved in many of the body’s significant functions including regulating metabolism, body growth, reproductive development, and mood control.[1]

Hormone List – There are a vast number of hormones in the body with a number of different functions, a short list includes:

  • Cortisol
  • Estrogen
  • Testosterone
  • Thyroid
  • Serotonin
  • Dopamine
  • Adrenaline
  • Melatonin
  • Ephedrine
  • Prolactin
  • Oxytocin[2]
  • Leptin
  • Human growth hormone

Common Symptoms of Hormone Imbalances/Deficiencies: Hormones and their various functions are fast, however there are a few common symptoms that may signal a problem:

  • Limited growth/development
  • Weight gain (especially abdominal weight)
  • Weight loss
  • Slow metabolism
  • Decreased sex drive
  • Hair loss
  • Anxiety or Depression
  • Overeating
  • Infertility

Causes: Hormone imbalances and deficiencies can occur due to a number of reasons:

  • Age
  • Autoimmune disorders
  • Cancer
  • Stress
  • Diet
  • Disease (diabetes,
  • Eating disorders
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Hyperthyroidism
  • Drug & alcohol abuse
  • Pregnancy
  • Menopause
  • Certain medications[3]

Treatment & Testing: After assessing your symptoms, a doctor may administer a blood test since most hormonal issues can be detected this way. Pelvic exams, ultrasounds, and X-rays might be able to help determine the status of the pituitary gland, thyroid gland, uterus, or testicles. For sex hormone treatment, hormone replacement measures such as birth control, estrogen or testosterone therapy, synthetic thyroid hormone therapy, and other interventions can bring hormone levels back to normal.[4] Maintaining a healthy weight, buying hormone and steroid free meats and following a healthy diet overall can help balance hormone levels.

 

References

[1] https://www.medicinenet.com/hormone_therapy/article.htm#how_is_hormone_therapy_ht_prescribed
[2] https://www.yourhormones.info/Hormones/
[3] https://www.healthline.com/health/hormonal-imbalance#diagnosis
[4] https://www.healthline.com/health/hormonal-imbalance#hair-loss