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Acute Care Information and Resources

Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs) & Testing

Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are common among the sexually active population. Passed between partners via sexual activity that includes vaginal, anal, and oral sex, STDs cause a variety of symptoms depending on the strain and affected area(s).

Common sexually transmitted diseases:

  • Gonorrhea
  • Syphilis
  • Genital herpes
  • Genital warts
  • Chlamydia
  • Bacterial vaginosis
  • HIV
  • Hepatitis
  • HPV
  • Pelvic Inflammatory Disease
  • Trichomoniasis

Causes: Unprotected sex is the cause of STD transmission which can include vaginal intercourse, anal intercourse, and oral sex. STDs are preventable through protective measures such as condoms, dental dams, certain vaccines, and abstinence.

Treatment: Depending on the symptoms, a physician can administer blood tests, genital exams, or swab tests. Chlamydia – May require a physical exam, pelvic exam and lab testing. Gonorrhea – May require a physical exam, pelvic exam, ultrasound and lab testing. May be given antibiotics if case is severe. Genital Warts/Human Papillomavirus (HPV) –  May require a physical exam, Pap smear and lab testing. Potential for cervical biopsy. Genital Herpes – May require a physical exam, pelvic exam and lab testing. Syphilis – May require a physical exam, pelvic exam and blood panel testing.

References

[1] https://www.plannedparenthood.org/health-center/nevada/las-vegas/89102/las-vegas-west-charleston-2304-90210/std-testing-treatment
[2] https://medlineplus.gov/sexuallytransmitteddiseases.html
[3] https://medlineplus.gov/sexuallytransmitteddiseases.html
[4] https://www.healthychildren.org/English/health-issues/conditions/sexually-transmitted/pages/Diagnostic-Testing-for-Sexually-Transmitted-Infections.aspx